Bemba Lesson 14: Personal Pronouns – I, Me, My

Personal Pronouns

In Bemba, the personal pronoun changes depending on:

  1. Whether it is used as the subject or the object of a sentence
  2. The tense
  3. The negative

The personal pronoun can be used as the subject or as an object of a sentence. This will determine how it is said.

When used as the subject, it can be abbreviated by not saying “Ine”

Personal Pronoun as the Subject


e.g “(Ine) nkesa pa Cibelushi.” = “I will come on Saturday.”

Ine nd…

e.g. “(Ine) ndefwaya menshi.” = “I want water”

“Ine ndafwaya menshi” = “I always want water.”

Ine na…

e.g. “Ine nalefwaya menshi.” = “I wanted water.”

Ine nk…

e.g. “Ine nkafwaya menshi.” = “I will be wanting water.”


The expression changes for the negatives:

Ine nd…   Ine nsh…

“Ine nshilefwaya menshi” = “I don’t want water”

“Ine nshifwaya menshi” = “I never want water”

Ine na…   Ine nsh…

“Ine nshalefwaya menshi” = “I didn’t want water”

Ine nk…   Ine nsh…

“Ine nshakafwaye menshi” = “I will not be wanting water”


I = Ine, …ne

I want this = Ndefwaye ci (Ndefwaya ici)

I want to go = Ndefayo kuya (Ndefwaya ukuya)

I want to come along = Ndefwayo kukonka (Ndefwaya ukukonka)

I want to sleep = Ndefwayo kusendama (Ndefwaya  ukusendama)

 I am = Ndi

I am here = Ndi kuno / Ndi pano


My = …ndi

My wife = Mukashi wandi

My wives = Abakashi bandi

My book = Icitabo candi (I “book” lyandi)

My books = Ifitabo fyandi

My little cat = Ka puushi kandi

My little cats = Ba puushi bandi

My job = Incito yandi

My jobs = Incito shandi

My little job = Akacito kandi

My little jobs = Utucito twandi

John is my love = Joni ecitemwikwa candi

John my love = Joni, citemwikwa candi

John my everlasting = Joni wa lyonse

You (singular) and I = Iwe na ine

You (plural) and I = Imwe na ine


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  4 comments for “Bemba Lesson 14: Personal Pronouns – I, Me, My

  1. Kalusha Phiri
    March 1, 2013 at 4:02 pm

    Im sorry i meant ” Nanemo nomba ndimupepi” what is an english translation to this???

    • JS
      March 3, 2013 at 5:41 am

      Hi Kalusha,
      This is Lamba for “I’m also nearly there.”

  2. January 24, 2013 at 7:23 am

    i am a nigerian but i married a zambian woman, i love my wife so much, i wanna learn zambian language so i can commuicate with her. please reply me

    • JS
      January 24, 2013 at 10:07 pm

      Hi Michael,
      You are welcome to our free lessons. Feel free to suggest words you would like to learn.

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